Research: Nick Brandt – End of Eden & Across The Ravaged Land

Whilst researching the creative work of relevant practitioners, I discovered a photographer whose work I found to be quite inspiration to contemporary examples of wildlife imagery, Nick Brandt.

Like Chris Jordan, many of his images can appear brutal in their honesty and upfront approach, but this serves to assert the true significance of this message within his work.

An avid wildlife photographer and conservationist, Brandt has been working within Sub-Saharan Africa for the last 12 years. Upon his arrival he felt optimistic of Africa as a Garden of Eden for its range and variation of wildlife. Over this time, his view and creative work evolved to a more realist point of view, speaking of dark tones of human interference and of the desperation of animals in such a harsh environment.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nick_Brandt

Nick Brandt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 
 
Nick Brandt
Born 1966
LondonEngland
Education Saint Martin’s School of Art
Occupation Photographer

Nick Brandt is a photographer who photographs exclusively in Africa, one of his goals being to record a last testament to the wild animals and places there before they are destroyed by the hands of man.[1]

Background and early career[edit]

Born in 1966 and raised in London, England, Brandt studied Painting, and then Film at Saint Martin’s School of Art.[2]

He moved to the United States in 1992 and directed many award-winning music videos for the likes of Michael Jackson (Earth SongStranger in MoscowCry), MobyJewel (singer), XTC, Badly Drawn Boy).[3]

It was while directing “Earth Song”, a music video for Jackson in Tanzania, in 1995 that Brandt fell in love with the animals and land of East Africa. Over the next few years, frustrated that he could not capture on film his feelings about and love for animals, he realized there was a way to achieve this through photography, in a way that he felt no-one had really done before.

Photography[edit]

In 2000, Brandt embarked upon his ambitious photographic project: a trilogy of books to memorialize the vanishing natural grandeur of East Africa.

Lion Before Storm, Sitting Profile Masai Mara 2006

His photography bears little relation to the colour documentary-style wildlife photography that is the norm. He photographs on medium-format black and white film without telephoto or zoom lenses. (He uses a Pentax 67II with only two fixed lenses.) His work is a combination of epic panoramas of animals within dramatic landscapes (for example,Hippos on the Mara River, Masai Mara, 2006; Cheetah & Cubs Lying on Rock, Serengeti 2007), and graphic portraits more akin to studio portraiture of human subjects from the early 20th Century, as if these animals were already long dead (Elephant Drinking, Amboseli, 2007)[4]

Elephant Drinking, Amboseli, 2007

Brandt does not use telephoto lenses because he believes that being close to the animals make a huge difference in his ability to reveal their personality. He writes: “You wouldn’t take a portrait of a human being from a hundred feet away and expect to capture their spirit; you’d move in close.”[5]

As American photography critic Vicki Goldberg writes: “Many pictures convey a rare sense of intimacy, as if Brandt knew the animals, had invited them to sit for his camera, and had a prime portraitist’s intuition of character…as elegant as any arranged by Arnold Newman for his human high achievers”.[6][7] Photographs like (Cheetah & Cubs, Masai Mara, 2003; Lion Before Storm – Sitting ProfileMasai Mara 2006) are good examples of this.

In his afterword in On This Earth, Brandt explains the reasons for the methods he uses:

I’m not interested in creating work that is simply documentary or filled with action and drama, which has been the norm in the photography of animals in the wild. What I am interested in is showing the animals simply in the state of Being. In the state of Being before they are no longer are. Before, in the wild at least, they cease to exist. This world is under terrible threat, all of it caused by us. To me, every creature, human or nonhuman, has an equal right to live, and this feeling, this belief that every animal and I are equal, affects me every time I frame an animal in my camera. The photos are my elegy to these beautiful creatures, to this wrenchingly beautiful world that is steadily, tragically vanishing before our eyes.[8]

On This Earth[edit]

The first book in the trilogy, On This Earth (Chronicle Books, 2005) constitutes 66 photos taken 2000–2004, with introductions by the conservationist and primatologist Jane Goodall and the author Alice Sebold. The photographs in this book are an unadulterated vision of an African paradise, deliberately contrasting with what is to follow in the subsequent books. Elephant with Exploding Dust, Amboseli 2004, the photo on the book’s cover, has since become one of Brandt’s best-known images.

Critical response to the book, heralded Brandt’s photographic achievement. Black and White magazine called his photos “heartbreakingly beautiful”.[9]

A Shadow Falls[edit]

The second book in the trilogy, A Shadow Falls, (Abrams, 2009) features 58 photographs taken 2005–2008. It is generally regarded to be superior to “On This Earth”. In additional introductions, philosopher Peter Singer,[10] author of the groundbreaking Animal Liberation, explains why Brandt’s photographs speak to an increasing human moral conscience about our treatment of animals. The photography critic Vicki Goldberg[11] places Brandt’s work in the history of the medium.[12]

As the title of the book implies, this book, although replete with images of ethereal beauty and poetry, is a more melancholic interpretation of the world he photographs. Indeed, critic Vicki Goldberg writes: ” A Shadow Falls, taken in its entirely, is a love story without a happily ever after.”

The photos in the book are deliberately sequenced: the opening images are of an unspoiled lush green world, filled with animals and water (“Wildebeest Arc, Masai Mara 2006” ). As the book progresses, the photos become gradually more stark, until towards the end, the trees are dead, the water gone, the animals are vastly reduced in numbers, until the book closes with the final ambiguous image, of a lone, abandoned ostrich egg on a parched lake bed. “Abandoned Ostrich Egg, Amboseli 2007”.

In addition the Artist’s Edition book, entitled, On this Earth, a Shadow Falls, (Abrams Books/Big Life Editions) was published in 2010, combining the best 90 photos from the first two books, in a larger volume with much superior printing to the first two books.

Across the Ravaged Land, the final part of the trilogy[edit]

The completion of Nick Brandt’s trilogy: “On This Earth, A Shadow Falls, Across the Ravaged Land.” Release date, September 3, 2013 (Abrams Books, 2013), documents the disappearing natural world and animals of East Africa. This is the third and final volume of Nick Brandt’s work which reveals the darker side of his vision of East Africa’s animal kingdom and the juxtaposition of mankind. The trilogy marks the last decade of a stunning world of the beauty of East Africa’s Serengeti, Maasai Mara, Amboseli, and ends with a dark and well-known unhappy ending.

“Across the Ravaged Land” introduces humans in his photography for the first time exhibiting the cost of poachers, killing for profit. One such example is Ranger with Tusks of Killed Elephant, Amboseli 2011. This photograph features one of the rangers employed by Big Life Foundation, the Foundation that Nick Brandt started in 2010. The ranger holds the tusks of an elephant killed by poachers in the years prior to the Foundation’s inception.[13][14]

Ranger with Tusks of Killed Elephant, 2011

Brandt captures the trophies in these epic landscapes and the images of perfectly preserved creatures calcified by the salts of the Rift Valley soda lake. In both instances, the creatures appear in an ethereal animated state seemingly posing for their portraits.

I first discovered his work, End of Eden, within an article featured in the Independent.

http://www.nickbrandt.com/UserImages/11/11129/file/Independent%20Review%2010-13.pdf

Nick Brandt - End of Eden Nick Brandt - End of Eden 2

 

I also found an interesting photo gallery focusing upon his series of Calcified birds and bats around lake Natron in Tanzania. 

http://news.nationalgeographic.co.uk/news/2013/10/pictures/131003-calcified-birds-bats-africa-lake-natron-tanzania-animals-science/

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